Disciplinary Capability Building
3.1 Library science
Library science is an interdisciplinary field that studies the genesis and development
of libraries and associated management/operation. It is designed to summarize the
practice of libraries and related activities, establish a theoretical system for
libraries, and promote the development of libraries. ISTIC's library science team
is mandated to study information organization, knowledge service, resources analysis,
information compilation, digital libraries, user services, among others.
In 2012, ISTIC's library science team was granted with a National Natural Science
Foundation of China project, a China Postdoctoral Science Foundation project, and
8 projects under the National Science and Technology Support Program and National
Social Science Foundation. It published one paper in SCI, and 26 papers in Chinese
core journals, along with 10 study reports. The team offers three courses for master’s
degree students, including information organization, digital library, and knowledge
integration/mapping. It provides tutorships to 15 master’s degree students and three
postdoctoral researchers. It sponsored two meeting events in the year, including
a national symposium on knowledge organization and knowledge links, and a doctorate
forum on knowledge organization and links.
3.2 Futures studies
Futures studies is an applied research, seeking a systematic and pattern-based understanding
of past and present, and a methodology created to study or predict the likelihood
of future events and trends, in an attempt to develop foresight and to map possible
futures. It is a desirable tool that can be applied in planning, management, formulating
development strategies, and making decisions. ISTIC's Futures studies team mainly
works on the theoretical study of Futures studies, S&T development projections,
major S&T fields analysis, S&T indicator-based assessment, regional and industrial
innovation evaluation, and the social development forecasting in the context of
science and technology.
In 2012, the Futures studies team worked on research performance evaluation, patent
information analysis methodology and tools, regional and industrial innovation monitoring
and evaluation, major S&T fields analysis, and system dynamics simulation models
for sustainable development. The team published 4 papers collected by SCI or SSCI,
and 22 papers in mainstream Chinese journals. It offers a graduate course on information
analysis methodology, and provides tutorships to 9 master’s degree students and
2 postdoctoral researchers.
3.3 S&T&I policies and management
S&T&I(science, technology and innovation) policies and management is an emerging
discipline that studies science, technology and innovation as a whole, exploring
science and technology related strategy, policy and management issues in the context
of coordinated economic, social, and natural development. ISTIC's S&T&I policies
and management team is primarily concerned with S&T&I development strategies, S&T&I
activities and programs management, supporting the economic and social development
by use of S&T&I means and S&T&I personnel.
In 2012, the team won 5 National Soft Science Program projects, and published 3
papers collected by SCI, SSCI, and EI respectively, and 24 papers in Chinese Core
journals, along with 6 research reports. It teaches a graduate course on S&T&I policies
and strategies, and provides tutorships to 12 master’ students and 2 postdoctoral
3.4 Information resources management
Information resources management are involved with such areas as information
resources, and associated development and management issues by using
social and natural science theories. It also studies the basic methodologies
that facilitate governmental, institutional and individual use of information resources.
The main scope of ISTIC’s information resources management team includes information
resources construction and its services, S&T information resources sharing, information
resources integration technology, information quality control, etc.
In 2012, the team was assigned to work on 6 projects Under the support of the National
Soft Science Program and National Social Science Foundation, and 1 project funded
by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation. It published 1 paper indexed by SCI and
18 papers in mainstream Chinese journals, along with 4 study reports. It offers
a graduate course on information resource management and sharing, and provides tutorships
to 12 master’s degree students and 5 postdoctoral researchers. It has sponsored
an international seminar to discuss S&T information sharing issues.
3.5 Knowledge Engineering (KE)
KE is an engineering discipline that involves integrating knowledge into computer
systems in order to solve complex problems normally requiring a high level of human
expertise. It focus on the research of KE theories, methodologies, techniques and
applications of knowledge modeling, automated knowledge acquisition, knowledge organization
and storage, knowledge integration and services, etc. ISTIC’s KE team is currently
working on a domain vocabulary.
In 2012, the team was granted with 7 research projects granted by the National S&T
Support Program, National Natural Science Foundation, and National Social Science
Foundation. It published 4 paper collected by SCI or SSCI, 6 papers collected by
EI, and 25 papers in mainstream Chinese journals, along with 8 study reports and
1 monograph. The team presents graduate courses on knowledge organization, data
mining and decision making support. It provides tutorships to 12 master’s degree
students and 5 postdoctoral researchers.
3.6 Natural language processing
Natural language processing is a field of computer science, artificial intelligence
and linguistics concerned with the interactions between computers and natural languages,
either at a shallow linguistic or at a deep grammatical level. Computer can be tuned
to learn different natural languages. ISTIC is currently working on inter-language
machine translation (Chinese/English and Chinese/Japanese), Chinese-English machine
translation of thesauri, and Chinese/English crosslanguage search.
In 2012, ISTIC's natural language processing team was assigned with 1 China Postdoctoral
Science Foundation project and 1 National Social Science Foundation project. It
published 1 paper collected by EI, and I paper collected by ISTP, and 3 papers in
mainstream Chinese journals, along with 6 study reports. The team provides tutorships
to 3 master’s degree students, 3 doctoral students, and 3 postdoctoral researchers.
3.7 Information Science
Information science is an interdisciplinary field created to study the collection,
classification, manipulation, storage, retrieval, flow, and dissemination of information,
knowledge and intelligence, in an attempt to effectively manage and use information,
knowledge and intelligence with the help of modern science and technology. ISTIC's
information science team is primarily concerned with competitive intelligence, knowledge
management and associated techniques/ algorithms.
In 2012, the team worked on 6 projects under the National Natural Science Foundation
and National Social Science Foundation, and completed 2 of them. It published some
20 papers in mainstream Chinese journals, 2 study reports on industrial competitive
intelligence, and 1 report on information science methodology. It teaches three
graduate courses: introduction to information science, competitive intelligence,
and intelligence analysis techniques. It provides tutorships to 9 master’s degree
students and 3 postdoctoral researchers.
Scientometrics is a science developed to measure and analyze the input and output
of scientific activities using qualitative, quantitative and computational approaches,
in an attempt to sort out the routine pattern of scientific activities. ISTIC's
scientometrics team evaluates the performance of researches, journals, monographs,
and S&T personnel.
In 2012, the team worked on 11 projects under the National Natural Science Foundation,
National Social Science Foundation and National Soft Science Program. It published
2 papers indexed by SCI or SSCI and 16 papers in Chinese Core journals. It offers
an advanced training course for master’s degree students, allowing them to understand
scientometrics and the best practice of evaluating Chinese and foreign universities.
It provides tutorships to 5 master’s degree students, 3 doctoral students, and 3